Hardwood cuttings are best taken in the late winter or early spring, before the leaf buds begin to open. Always use the best quality cuttings. Softwood cuttings are usually taken during the late spring or early summer. However, it is important to remember that cultivating blueberries requires the right soil, the right amount of sunlight, and a great deal of patience. Most small or new growers purchase their plants from a nursery, but once a field is established, on-farm propagation becomes feasible. After cuttings are rooted, apply a dilute complete liquid fertilizer weekly. Propagation of Blueberry by Tissue Culture Blueberry Tissue Culture (TC) plantlets are often bushier than those propagated from conventional cuttings. The plants should be large enough for field planting the next winter. Content uploaded by Mateus Pasa. Also, they still need to be watered once in a while. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The off-type cultivar may also be of lower quality than the primary cultivar, and thus lower the grade of the packed fruit. Don’t allow cuttings to dry; keep them moist and cool after collection. Gardeners can take cuttings from new growth in the spring (softwood cutting) or older growth in the late fall or early winter (hardwood cutting). Important Considerations One of the major problems with collecting propagation wood from other grower’s fields is contamination of cutting wood, either with off-type cultivars or with diseases. Starting Hardwood Cuttings Hardwood cuttings are gathered in winter when the blueberry bush is dormant. lengths. I’ve not tried hardwood cuttings; I’ll have to get out and get some cuttings off my Black Beauty elder. They may be harboring a virus that could reduce yields. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Semi-hardwood cuttings are propagated when the stems are partly, but not fully mature. This can create serious problems at harvest time if the off-type ripens at a different time than the primary cultivar. It can be used as a landscape shrub and is important b If you don’t see moisture on the inside of the glass, they need water. This method of propagation can increase numbers of a new selection. When To Start Blueberry Propagation. View Comments. Blueberry stem canker is a fungal disease that can be transmitted via infected hardwood, and to a lesser extent, by softwood cuttings. When available, always purchase virus-tested, true-to-type plants to serve as propagation sources. Learn more about hardwood cuttings, and other methods to grow more plants: 3 Easy Hardwood Cutting Methods. Propagated from these TC plantlet cuttings, the next stage plantlets pass on the same improved bush level, giving high fruit yields. Hardwood cuttings are best taken in the late winter or early spring, before the leaf buds begin to open. When the blueberry plants are actively growing, they at much greater risk of drying out and dying before they set out roots. Plants can remain in the propagation bed until winter, when they should be transplanted into pots or nursery beds and held them for one year. However, cuttings can be collected from growth flushes occurring later in the growing season. Hardwood cu… Abstract. Avoiding off-type or diseased cuttings during propagation is best accomplished by scouting the source field during the growing season prior to taking cuttings. Leave the leaf buds. AR formation is influenced by various factors, and auxin is considered to play a central role; however, little is known of the related regulatory mechanisms. Select a healthy looking stem that’s one year old (last year’s new growth) and cut it into 5 inch (13 cm.) Blueberry; Honeysuckle; Forsythia; Rose; Quince; Semi-hardwood cuttings generally root easily and don’t require a lot of special knowledge. Propagation of Blueberry by Cuttings. LauraWilliams 05/01/2019 . However, blueberry propagation using cuttings is still a main factor limiting its expansion because its results can vary according to the blueberry cultivar and environmental factors. 6 months later in July they have leaves and a white callus on the end. Blueberries usually are propagated from softwood or hardwood cuttings by cutting selected twigs from healthy, disease-free mother plants. In taking cuttings, be sure that the bush is healthy and you cut properly, so that the new bush has a chance of surviving. The Blueberry Stunt phytoplasma is common in North Carolina, and can be transmitted via propagation. 2010 on sandy soil amended with pine bark. 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