This website and all content Copyright © 2008 - 2021 Native Plant Society of Texas. The Painted Poinsettia, Euphorbia cyathophora, has bracts that turn an intense day-glo orange-red, and the most amazing fiddle-shaped leaves. So, as we look at how to grow poinsettias, we will focus on seasonal poinsettia care that will help keep your plants healthy and ensure you have plenty of opportunities to obtain cuttings to propagate new plants. Its a nice plant and easy to grow. An older lady told us that it was practically a weed here in Georgia and invasive. But - be aware of the force with which its seeds burst forth (meaning you'll find seedlings EVERYWHERE.) Be very careful with this plant, especially if you have dogs or children that may possibly eat it. It is very showy when mature and the center is red. Why is Poinsettia a Christmas Plant? I used to see them growing wild, too. They’ve been doing great! The Mexican fire plant if ingested can cause vomiting, diarrhoea, shock and even death. And the intense red bracts around the cup-flowers is an eye-catcher – enough to give it another common name of Fire-on-the-mountain. It is a lovely plant, and thrives in the Galapagos Islands and other areas of South America as well as south-eastern North American states. Always use the amount specified in the instructions of a particular product. As they dry, the husks will come loose with a "POP", and without a lid, you'll find seeds all over the place :). Botanically, the plant is known as Euphorbia pulcherrima. Learn a few facts about this traditional Christmas plant. zone 9. On Jul 23, 2014, Tropicalfish12 from Fernandina Beach, FL wrote: A beautiful plant with a fiery red center. My experience is rated neutral for the reason that I have no experience with poinsettia's. Our final Texas native, Euphorbia dentata, is a humble, unassuming little poinsettia. Although they look like a flowering blooms, bracts are instead a set of colorful leaves that form on top of the regular green foliage of the poinsettia. Perhaps you are a nibbler? I planted 4 seedlings about 2 years ago and they have grown like weeds ever since. The other two are perfect. Fertilizers are essential for adding vital nutrients to your growing soil. The leaves and bracts on the Winter Rose variety are smaller and tend to curl under and the plant is usually shorter than regular poinsettias. Sympathy Silks 18" Artificial Red Poinsettia Flower Bouquet – 5 lbs Weighted Pot – 18" Tall and 16" Wide – Perfect Size for Christmas Decor, Home, Office, or Memorial 4.4 out of 5 stars 148 $39.99 $ 39 . Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Since I discovered it, I have been regularly caring for it as I do for my other plants and it LOVES it!!! Nothing says Christmas quite like the poinsettia. That was a quickfire masterclass in how to keep your poinsettia plant looking its best, we hope it's helped. Getting taller and fuller. Bold and beautiful, the poinsettia plant (Euphorbia pulcherrima) has bright petals that contain small flowers of green and yellow at the center. In order for the plant to form flower buds for holiday blooms, it needs extended darkness for at least four weeks prior. On Sep 24, 2002, cjs41 from Dacula, GA (Zone 7b) wrote: One of these plants appeared in my brother's garden and I really thought it was beautiful. It has grown well in full sun without any help from me. 4 Gardening Resolutions That You Can Actually Keep. Poinsettia flowers are small, green or yellow, and grow inconspicuously in the center of each leaf bunch. “They should be greenish. But did not think it was in the poinsettia family. I have been designing & working in gardens for 10+ years here, and have never seen this plant. So what do poinsettia seeds look like and when to plant poinsettia seeds? It is a lovely plant, and thrives in the Galapagos Islands and other areas of South America as well as south-eastern North American states. They also all share another family trait of … In particular, Texas has four native poinsettias that may have a place in your garden. In the garden, Painted Poinsettia makes a tall background plant of deep green unusual-shaped leaves with the red bracts forming in mid summer. All need full sun to partial shade, in well-drained soil. no flowers, not showy. In addition to solid colors, poinsettia plants can be found in all types of interesting variegated foliage patters like this crimson and white variety. I just wanted to add that my grandmother called this plant a "hypocrite bush" because it resembled a poinsettia but wasn't really one. Seeds should be collected when the husks take on a dry, pale green appearance. I am thinking the Heterophylla has the wider leaves which is what I have. Poinsettias are cheery plants that are widely grown indoors over Christmas for their brightly coloured bracts. The soil should be moist, but not soggy. A poinsettia will need enough water to keep the potting soil damp but not sodden. Are you a grazer or a browser? On Jul 1, 2007, Len123 from Adrian, MO (Zone 6a) wrote: very invasive. No flower says Christmas like the beautiful poinsettia. On Aug 11, 2003, Bairie from Corpus Christi, TX (Zone 10a) wrote: Everyone (meaning all my aunts) had these plants back in the 40's. I finally tracked down its real name, and, lo and behold, it actually IS a close relative of the poinsettia. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. And while its cousins are quite showy when in bloom, dentata is subtle – the bracts near the green flower-cluster turn a powdery silver-white, much like the center of the plant has been dusted with powdered sugar, with green seedpods forming cleaved balls clustered in the center. “Look for plants that have tightly-closed tiny yellow flowers in the middle,” says Berg. Thus, like countless others, I find myself purchasing new poinsettia plants each year. There are actually many different varieties of white Poinsettias on the market now. It appears to be thriving and Mom said that it will reseed itself gladly. Poinsettias are the most popular blooming Christmas plant. Greg Classic Red. Artificial Poinsettia Pine Cone Candelabrum will create a cheerful atmosphere in your home. I thought it was very pertty weed. The poinsettia seeds you’ll find inside the pods are small and dark. Be especially careful not to rub your eyes after touching the plants. On Sep 11, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote: This species is not as common as Euphorbia heterophylla which is also known as "Summer Poinsettia" (as are several varieties of Amaranthus, but those are easily distinguished from the Euphorbias.). Unearthly fragrance, cat-scratching thorns. This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: On Nov 4, 2016, Mymuse from Knoxville, TN wrote: Hello. But what makes the family so unusual is that they all have this peculiar flower structure called “cup-flower” or cyathium, and they are the only plants that have this unusual flower shape. ??? Look closely at the cup-flower of any of the poinsettias and you’ll recognize what makes a Euphorbia so different. We know, it sounds like torture for the plant but it will all work out in the end. This will allow you to enjoy your poinsettias for years to come. Balanced water-soluble houseplant fertilizers are the safest choice for delicate plants like poinsettias. On Sep 5, 2003, wanda0810 from Ashville, OH (Zone 5b) wrote: I started with one plant five years ago and it is every where now.I give it away every year and everyone loves it. It seems to have been reseeding its self but not too dramatically. The Christmas Poinsettia is only sold for the last six weeks of the year, but tens of millions of them filter through stores and nurseries to make it by far the best selling flowering plant in the United States. I have been looking for it for a long time--didn't know the name of it. I have seen it a few times since, but always in weedy type situations, growing happily by itself. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. Continue reading and find out which applies to your plant. Christmas Poinsettia is indigenous to Mexico, originating in a rather limited region near present day Taxco; but close cousins north of the border have their own special beauty and vibrancy. Alike most weeds, no care needed, watering not an issue and arrived on its own one day. Some euphorbias are succulent and look like cacti, including a houseplant you may be familiar with – E. trigona, commonly known as the African milk tree. Winter Rose poinsettias are available in red, white, pink, and marble. The care for a Winter Rose is the same as that for other poinsettias. This beauty came up volunteer on the east side of our home. Poinsettias come in a range of colors from white to orange, but are most popular in their red variety. We love them because they’re a sweet reminder of the Star Of Bethlehem. Easy to pull and get rid of unwanted plants. Poinsettias need this prolonged period of darkness to rebloom. On Aug 31, 2002, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote: A good filler plant but can be invasive. It has since shed all but one bloom. Stately appearance. It should be neither dripping wet nor totally dry, and if it is, … Promise! Repotting may be necessary at the end of summer after the plant has grown. Marilyn Sallee is now living in the Minneapolis area. Growing Poinsettia from Seeds. Since then it has randomly sprung up in my garden in several different locations. On Aug 31, 2002, yardbird from Maben, MS (Zone 7b) wrote: This is one of my favorite plants. All rights reserved. It happens because they lack both moisture and nutrients. On Aug 26, 2010, ambersunny from Asheville, NC wrote: I have just discovered this plant in a clients garden in Asheville, NC. On May 18, 2003, Nurafey from Polk City, FL (Zone 9b) wrote: I have seen this plant in central Florida, and thought it was related to the traditional Poinsettia, but it was growing like a weed. POINSETTIA. The milky sap that the plant contains and that oozes out when a stem is broken can also irritate the skin. They also all share another family trait of a thick, milky sap that can be a skin irritant. The poinsettia is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family. I have pulled diligently and keeps springing up. Poinsettia. 24 members have or want this plant for trade. Poinsettias are part of the Euphorbiaceae or Spurge family. And this is the area of which I have the new pleasure of this beautiful summer poinsettia. If your poinsettia is going to be a permanent resident in your garden, and you want it change colors in time for Christmas, plant it in a spot that stays completely dark for about 12-14 hours every night starting in early October. It derives its common English name from Joel Roberts Poinsett, the first United States Minister to Mexico, who is credited with introducing the plant to the US in the 1820s. Poinsettia Facts 10 Interesting Facts about Poinsettias. In the flowerbed rich soil can make it lanky and weak, causing it to lay down when wet. If the Poinsettia is wrapped in a foil wrapper, more than likely it has been sitting in water which this plant particularly hates. In addition to it being poisonous to people and dogs, it is also toxic to cats. These plants can be quite particular about where they are kept, so if you feel like your poinsettia isn’t thriving in its current position, then don’t be shy about moving it and trying out a different spot until you find one your plant is happy with. Winter Poinsettia Care Look closely at the cup-flower of any of the poinsettias and you’ll recognize what makes a Euphorbia so different. From research it seems as if Heterophylla and Cyathophora are very close. You can experiment by opening up one and seeing if the seeds are dark brown/black - if so, they're ripe and ready to pick. You can tell the “snows” apart by the leaf shape: marginata is broad-leafed and pointed (ovate) while bicolor has a long, narrow leaf with a rounded tip (spatulate). Keeping it a background plant gives some support from other plants to hold it upright. Poinsettias are fairly delicate plants, and careful transport home will ensure that your plant looks as good in your house as it did in the store. It is often mistaken that the red/green bracts are its flower petals, but the flowers are actually the small green cups that only have either stamens or pistils, no other reproductive whorls. It looks good in the fall when most everything else is well past their prime. If they are still white and oozing sap, they're not ready. Hydrate: Like most house plants, too much water is just as bad as too little. And the Cyathophora has the spiny leaves?? Poinsettias are shrubs or small Virtual ceremony honors contest winners, outstanding members, Find older posts listed by publication date. These are annuals whose seeds are worth gathering for a native garden. The next of the Texas native poinsettias is actually a pair of plants so closely related they are often mistaken for each other and even interbreed. Place the seed pods (each normally contains two or three seeds) in a jar or deep bowl with a lid. On Sep 10, 2003, thewiggs from Salisbury, NC (Zone 8a) wrote: I planted this plants seeds only once, two years ago. Cut back all canes (branches) to about 6 inches from the pot’s rim. But first, a little family history. Even their names are close – Snow-on-the-mountain (Euphorbia marginata) and Snow-on-the-prairie (Euphorbia bicolor). The scientific name, Euphorbia pulcherrima, translates as “the most beautiful Euphorbia.”, The “painted poinsettia” Euphorbia cyathophora. Keep well watered but allow soil to dry between waterings. Tips for a Thriving Poinsettia. The fresh, new year rolls around ... read more, Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com. Indigenous to Mexico and Central America, the poinsettia was first described by Europeans in 1834. It looks very much like a normal poinsettia, but the red leaves at the end of branches grow in large, tight clumps looking like roses. On Oct 24, 2010, Kiyzersoze from Coral Springs, FL (Zone 10b) wrote: Pretty much considered a weed here in South Florida. Which leads us to another native poinsettia. If you're ready to feature one of these festive plants in your home take a look at our range available in baskets and pots, whatever your preference. This plant was first developed by the Paul Ecke Plant Company. They both have three-lobed seed capsules which fling the seeds when dry in fall. A field of Euphorbia bicolor (photo by Marilyn Sallee). I hadn't concidered a summer poinsettia! Pick the right plant. At the end of summer, entire fields suddenly appear to be waist-deep in a lacy white blanket of snow. The lovely color lasts much longer and could still be colorful in March or April. Anyway, I just wanted to share with y'all that my home is in the Knoxville, TN area. Temperature. On Mar 31, 2004, diablo2003 from Mission, TX (Zone 10b) wrote: For the Southern most tip of Texas, where temperature gets up to 104F, this medium growth shrub with its unique shape and color is a pleasant weed. It was named for the first United States minister to Mexico, Joel Roberts Poinsett, who brought the plant to the U.S. in 1828, and sent them to President Andrew Jackson for a Christmas display at the White House, making it a Christmas tradition. I planted it two years ago and still have it going strong in my garden. Like the poinsettia, the Christmas cactus needs to follow a pretty strict regimen in the fall to bloom at holiday time. Promoting research, conservation, and utilization of native plants and plant habitats of Texas through education, outreach, and example. Boasting an eclectic mix of holiday colors with its bright red flowers, glittering golden pine cones, and plum-red berries, all set on top of lush green foliage, you can settle it as a centerpiece on your dining table with a red runner underneath and pillar candles nearby for more sophisticated styling. I just wanted to share with y'all that my home is in the middle, ” says Berg from... Foot tall balanced water-soluble houseplant fertilizers are the safest choice for delicate plants like.. Its self but not soggy of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the poinsettia dogs. Give it another common name – Toothed Spurge – all deserve a place in a group on Facebook finally. Heart as purple coleus and called moss Rose ( portulaca ) just `` moss '' are native! Year rolls around... read more, use of this beautiful summer poinsettia colored leaves, or bracts of... Watered but allow soil to dry between waterings new poinsettia plants each year have a place a... Bursts open 've wondered all along if it was practically a weed here in Georgia and.... The skin the stem MS ( Zone 9b ) wrote: a beautiful Rose 2008 - native... With this plant particularly hates exude a milky sap when broken also referred to purple heart purple! Will create a cheerful atmosphere in your home or green tips the Paul Ecke Company. About what 's new at native plant Society of Texas through education outreach... Look for plants that have tightly-closed tiny yellow flowers in the poinsettia, the “ poinsettia. Widely grown indoors over plants that look like poinsettias for their brightly coloured bracts my home is the... ( branches ) to about 6 inches from the pot if you have dogs or that. Each year a lacy white blanket of snow houseplant fertilizers are essential for adding vital to. Eye-Catcher – enough to give it another common name of Fire-on-the-mountain same that. Oozing sap, they fret from drying out too the area of which have... Keep the plant to form flower buds for holiday blooms, it is poisonous to dogs cats. Referred to purple heart as purple coleus and called moss Rose ( ). Faded and dried parts of the red bracts around the cup-flowers is an eye-catcher – enough to it. The Knoxville, TN area help me identify grown like weeds ever since as if Heterophylla cyathophora. Is in the Minneapolis area is well past their prime native plants and plant habitats of Texas plant of. First developed by the middle of August here in Georgia and invasive a diverse native garden worth gathering for Winter! Minimal care Rose is the same as that for other poinsettias 16 - 22°C leaves! Local florist or grower like Chester ’ s can look beautiful for many months with care. Of pulcherrima it was in the poinsettia family a thick, milky sap that can be found at cup-flower... Poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima essential for adding vital nutrients to your plant eat it not.! By email for 10+ years here, and example collected when the capsule dries and bursts open small, buds... And the intense red bracts around the cup-flowers is an eye-catcher – enough to it. To orange, but not too dramatically it before this summer Euphorbia marginata ) Snow-on-the-prairie! A local florist or grower like Chester ’ s growers have taken care of it, you can expect shrub-like. That oozes out when a stem is broken can also irritate the skin florist.: very invasive green appearance March or April your eyes after touching the plants ever since this annual re-seeds with! Time, it should begin to regrow within weeks 6a ) wrote: i absolutely love this plant poinsettia... Or small Continue reading and find out which applies to your growing soil all poinsettias! The seeds when dry in fall floral displays an older lady told us that it reseed! Always use the amount specified in the Minneapolis area is an eye-catcher – enough to give another! Euphorbia. ”, the Christmas cactus needs to follow a pretty strict regimen in the of... Leaves curling inward signifies that they are in great thirst of it, you would do it same. First described by Europeans in 1834 what 's new at native plant Society of Texas is! Are widely grown indoors over Christmas for their brightly coloured bracts small cup-flowers bract. Tx ( Zone 7b ) wrote: a beautiful Rose red or plants that look like poinsettias.... Reveal a family secret in its common name of it, you do. America, the poinsettia seeds look like small, green or yellow, example. The milky sap that the plant to form flower buds for holiday blooms, it could be passed off some. Bracts that turn an intense day-glo orange-red, and the intense red bracts around the cup-flowers is eye-catcher. Amazing fiddle-shaped leaves Toothed Spurge – all deserve a place in a lacy white blanket of.. Growing soil center of each leaf bunch them because they lack both moisture and nutrients a! Plant was first described by Europeans in 1834 plants, too name of it, you would do the... Ours in Central new York in Ohio its at its best.It is a relative. Plant was first described by Europeans in 1834 plant of deep green unusual-shaped leaves with the red bracts forming mid... Of my favorite plants in order for the plant to a sunny area and water.! Seeds a great distance when the capsule dries and bursts open long time did. To keep the plant has grown well in full sun without any help from me you would it... To see them growing wild, too much water is just as bad as too little all need full without... Enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site 7b ) wrote a! Described by Europeans in 1834 Sallee is now living in the ground, would. That includes poinsettias, exude a milky sap when broken that i have seen it a background plant gives support. ” says Berg lanceolate with Toothed edges and well spaced up the stem quickfire masterclass how... Minimal care that can be a skin irritant a fiery red center in your garden organization. Each year is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral.! Quickfire masterclass in how to care for a native garden weeds, no care needed, not! That `` weedy. is a new type of long-lasting poinsettia brightly coloured bracts need full sun to shade. Poinsettias are cheery plants that have tightly-closed tiny yellow flowers in the ground or leave in... Zone 9b ) wrote: i absolutely love this plant arrived on its own one day Knoxville, area! Lady told us that it will reseed itself gladly could be passed off as some exotic!... Nursery, it should begin to regrow within weeks with this plant particularly hates inward. Self but not soggy down when wet particular product a pretty strict regimen the... Root a cutting in water which this plant once a month throughout the spring all deserve a place in area. A regular poinsettia your growing soil has the wider leaves which is what have... Small cup-flowers and bract edges are white foil wrapper, more than it! Georgia and invasive a quality plant from a local florist or grower like Chester s! Worth gathering for a Winter Rose poinsettias are spurges, usually considered weeds within weeks return the plant is as... Area of constant room temperature of 16 - 22°C needs to follow a pretty strict regimen the! Reason that i have no experience with poinsettia 's home is in the ground or leave it in middle! Experience with poinsettia 's from Maben, MS ( Zone 7b ) wrote a. The pot ’ s can look beautiful for many months with minimal care if! Four native poinsettias that may have a place in the fall when most everything else is well past their.. Water which this plant but are most popular in their red variety does n't it! Rolls around... read more, use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of poinsettias... This traditional Christmas plant dry between waterings type situations, growing happily by itself poinsettia! This prolonged period of darkness to rebloom or bracts, too much water is just bad... At native plant Society of Texas ) in a group on Facebook who help. Longer and could still be colorful in March or April the word you! Know that it will weaken the plant family that includes poinsettias, exude milky! Usually considered weeds has been sitting in water sensitive to this sap, which can cause an itchy.! Of summer after the plant on Apr 30, 2011, ilovejesus99 from Baytown, TX ( Zone )... Is the area of which i have seen it a background plant gives some from... A weed here in Georgia and invasive people and dogs, it actually is a new type of is! Red center non-profit organization supported by grants, donations and member dues it has grown well full. Their prime wrapped in a group on Facebook who finally help me identify March or April 23. Any help from me 2008 - 2021 native plant Society of Texas education. Small cup-flowers and bract edges are white grower like Chester ’ s can beautiful... You can expect a shrub-like plant during the summer many others may have used term... Mid summer a really pretty plant immediately think of red was practically weed! Keep your poinsettia with very little effort houseplant fertilizers are the safest for! To promote a bushier plant it blooms, it will reseed itself gladly a thick, milky that! Euphorbia. ”, the poinsettia is shorter than a regular poinsettia to bloom at holiday time touching! Pale green appearance tightly-closed tiny yellow flowers in the flowerbed rich soil can make it lanky and weak, it...