It did look very ugly when it was done but ok once it was clothed in green. Raising a silver birch tree successfully requires knowledge of how to keep the tree healthy and growing. Hello!! ALso has given an opportunity to shape it a bit better every time. Riiver birches are planted in Maryland, because the paper birch is susceptible to bronze birch borer and eventually dies of it. I found a website that does address it: http://homeguides.sfgate.com/shape-multitrunk-birch-trees-36776.html , but want to make sure. "We don't stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing." When renovating an old tree go slowly, pruning judiciously and not trying to fix every wrong at once. There are several steps in pruning a birch tree. chopping back the top, sort of like a crew cut. I have done this every 2nd year - correction - I have had this done every second year! Family Betulaceae . Topping a tree seriously affects its health and value in the landscape. Do not dispose of the dirt, but collect it around the tree in mounds. Please read our website's publication on pruning plants: http://extension.umd.edu/sites/default/files/_images/programs/hgic/Publications/HG84_Pruning%20ornam..."Crown Reduction" on page 6 is what you'll want done to your tree. There will inevitably be a lot of haphazard regrowth around the top. Minimise disease spread by pruning in dry weather, bagging up material and disposing. Removing the top from a birch will result in an ugly tree. Both of these birches have light, curling bark, but the river birch is not as white as the paper birch. Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. When mature they can reach 30m in height, forming a light canopy with elegant, drooping branches. Now they have grown back very tall again and I was wondering how to trim them this time. Log in or register to join the conversation. A much better way to let light into the base of birches is to remove lower horizontal branches. This graceful, elegant tree, also known as silver birch, is a familiar and well-loved landscaping tree. I live in the UK and as far as I’m aware, there are no countries where Betula pendula, silver birch, is protected. Tree Pruning is done to improve the safety, health, and value of trees; not to cause further damage. These trees should be pruned in fall, after the leaves have dropped. You can easily prune your river birch tree during the proper time with sufficient tools and the correct trimming method. The process of growing new branches and limbs takes energy away from a tree. The advantage of clump planting is that multiple white trunks have a far bigger impact than a single tree trunk, and when birches are clumped close together the competition between … The silver birch tree (Betula alba) is also called the paper birch and white birch. Even though some tree pruning companies still "top" trees, this actually makes the resulting new tree branches more weakly attached to the tree and thus more apt to break off. These trees have their own charms, however. But if your garden is small, a single graceful tree makes the perfect ornamental specimen An ethereal group of Betula pendula . Can't remember what it is but if you look at yellow page adverts you should see it. Neither tree requires regular pruning. Pruning can reduce specific defects or structural problems in a tree to greatly lessen the risk of failure. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. Paper birch starts life with a brown trunk that whitens as it ages. Smooth in young trees, the bark gets rugged at the base in older trees. In America it is known as White Birch. - George Bernard Shaw, “I am not lost, for I know where I am. There are several tools available for pruning a birch tree, you will have to choose between one or the other depending on several factors, the most important is the age (height) of the birch. A lot of people advertising as tree surgeons  or tree care specialists have H&S and chain saw certificates - this does not mean that they have the expertise necessary to shape a tree - you may find some help here http://arbtalk.co.uk/forum/homeowners-tree-advice-forum/Â. Pruning an established Silver Birch or any of the Betula group of trees is going to cause some damage, and should be carried out when the tree is dormant in winter, and only if absolutely necessary. River birch trees (Betula nigra) add focal interest and light shade to the garden. Good pruning practices do not include "topping" trees, i.e. chopping back the top, sort of like a crew cut. Silver birch is a striking, medium-sized deciduous tree. In this article we will examine the elegant Silver birch (Betula pendula), a native tree of Scotland which is well represented in Glencoe Wood Nature Reserve. To produce a tree with a pretty bark, it is often best to prune off the lower branches when young. European white birch is a fast-growing, graceful tree with creamy white bark that peels to reveal darker skin beneath. It should be 2 inches deep. Prune the birch tree in early spring to avoid damaging the tree once it's begun to bud or produce leaves. The river birch tree is known for its beautiful peeling bark that is generally cinnamon in color. A much better way to let light into the base of birches is to remove lower horizontal branches. I guess there's no room for theory when it comes to arboriculture... my husband has cut  a branch of my silver birch. see more; Synonyms Betula alba. Topping a tree is the removal of the top of the central stem of a tree, called the leader, as well as the upper main branches. The white bark sheds layers like tissue paper and becomes black and rugged at the base. Be as conservative as possible. Always start by removing damaged, dead, diseased shoots, followed by weak, lax or rubbing growth. Among the tools you can use are the following: Hand Pruning Shears: Stems up to half inch in diameter can be pruned with hand shears. It is important to prune your birch when it is in full leaf (except for the smallest twigs). of 109. silver birch silver birch forest silver birches birch wood frame silver birch leaf birch autumn birch trees black and white birch on a white background dense forest of birch trees silver birch leaves. Examine all of the branches for signs of insect damage. Birch tree pruning is recommended to preserve or improve tree structure, vigor and life-span. Broken, diseased, or dead branches are typically removed in order to prevent decay-producing fungi from infecting other areas of the birch tree. 10,848 silver birch tree stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. See silver birch tree stock video clips. Its range extends into Siberia, China, and southwest Asia in the mountains of northern Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Iran. There is a certificate of competence a good tree surgeon should advertise as having. Silver Birch can be used as a specimen or they can be planted in a clump of 3-5 trees. - maybe 45 feet high - small back yard with fences and garages to worry about. Removing the top from a birch will result in an ugly tree. This trench will help loosen the roots so they do not snap when you begin straightening it. Take care of the easy stuff first by removing side shoots and suckers as necessary. They mainly produce light, open canopies, which doesn’t cast dense shade, making them good tree choices for small gardens. !, we have a paper birch tree - one main big trunk, two smaller - all which fan out and lean. When to prune a silver birch tree is unfortunately not a simple answer, but here are some things to consider, starting with some advice on pruning trees in general:. Golden brown on twigs and young branches, the bark matures to silvery white with black clefts. The silver birch tree is a popular garden and landscaping tree. But however, where I am may be lost.”, http://arbtalk.co.uk/forum/homeowners-tree-advice-forum/. Birch – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. Silver birches are not really a garden tree unless you have a huge garden or have one of the lower growing cultivar ones.Â. I have 2 large silver birch trees near my barn and 5 years ago a couple of farmer friends cut the tops off, as they were higher than the barn and my wife was worried about them falling in heavy winds. Incidentally, paper bark birch is generally not planted in Maryland anymore. You get a lot of twiggy growth from the cut ends and this needs to be lopped regularly. The tree has layered, silver-white bark and droopy branches, and its broad, ovate foliage is shiny, toothed and fine pointed. Q. The result is an unsightly tree with thin, upright branches called water sprouts at the top. In fact, since it is a pioneer tree, it will readily grow and is more of a pest than a rarity. The time to make a long lasting effect on the form and structure of the plant is when the tree … You … Keeping a Fantastic Birch Bark. They are usually sheared off at a uniform height. Betula pendula, commonly called silver birch or European white birch, is a graceful medium-sized tree with slender pendulous branches and attractive bark. Dig a circle in the ground around the birch tree, spanning 10 inches for each inch of trunk. When pruning out disease, clean you pruning tools with disinfectant between cuts. Going against the tree’s natural habit produces ungainly trees that lack grace. When the tree is properly pruned, the sun can filter though the small rounded leaves and light the hidden center. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. I last had it done about 4 years ago but wasnt happy with the results ( it looked uneven) and ive been caught out by really bad cold weather the last 2 years and left it too late. Good pruning practices do not include "topping" trees, i.e. Its long branches droop down, forming a swinging skirt that drapes the trunk. I assume hire a tree trimmer, but still want to make sure it is done properly. Similar to many other birch trees, the silvery, papery bark has a unique texture and a pleasing color in the landscape, standing out next to darker evergreens, oaks and maples.Then, their autumn color display is a real show stopper, with bright yellow leaves that remain on the tree for weeks. Removing more than twenty-five percent of the canopy of a tree at one time weakens it and may be fatal. You should be able to ask for photos of trees he's done or else a list of his clients whom you can call.    Don't leave it too long as the sap will be rising soon, if ithasn't started already, and your tree could bleed to death.    Â. ECN. How to Prune a Birch Tree. Pruning is necessary for young river birch trees and for older ones at selective times to ensure adequate health. Paper birch tree - when and how to top? Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs, usually colouring well in autumn and often with striking white, pink, or peeling brown bark; separate male and female catkins open before or with the leaves in spring . Never top a tree. This may depend on where you live. A few branches can be removed in summer, if needed, after the trees leaves have reached full size. That is the recognized industry standard for the United States, and a base reference for many city codes that make topping illegal. The Silver Birch is a very delicate and serene tree and my advice when pruning is do not prune them back too hard (not short back and sides)! Silver Birch Facts. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. 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