Sweet birch has a Janka rating of 1,470. Birch Hardwood Flooring. These qualities alone make it a prized firewood. Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh LEN-ta Description. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture. The wood has dense fibers which allows it to burn long and hot. However, this doesn't mean you can't use the wood. The wood of sweet birch is medium heavy, medium hard and dark brown with a little red. Usually most common reactions simply include skin and respiratory irritation. Sweet birch, (Betula lenta), also called black birch, cherry birch, and red birch, North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. Yellow birch and sweet birch are some of our strongest hardwoods. Native Area: Eastern U.S., from Maine to northern Georgia; USDA Growing Zones: Zones 3 to 8 Height: 40 … See more. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Usually used as a paint grade or secondary wood; Very common domestic timber; ... American Birch, Grey Birch, Hard Birch, Sweet Birch: Birch Lumber Pricing. Sweet birch basically calls New England home, but spreads its roots down into the Alleghenies. 4121 Sweet Birch Dr , McKinney, TX 75071 is a single-family home listed for-sale at $440,160. young boy petting his ginger cat. Birch wood has an even texture with a straight, closed grain. Grapefruit is a mild wood that produces a good, smoky flavor. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; primarily radial multiples; medium pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; parenchyma marginal, and sometimes diffuse-in-aggregates (faintly visible with lens); narrow rays, spacing fairly close to close. Oil of wintergreen is now produced synthetically. Rot Resistance: Birch is perishable, and will readily rot and decay if exposed to the elements. Harder woods create good, solid long-lasting joinery in furniture. Birch trees are members of the Betula family and grows abundantly in North America. Birch is used for joint pain, kidney stones, bladder stones, urinary tract infections (UTIs), and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support any use. They’re best used to flavor mild-tasting foods and foods with short cooking times. Any thoughts? This wood is good with pork and poultry. Given the average density, their high strength values would not be expected. It's a good wood for any meat. The hardness of wood varies with the direction of the wood grain, and varies from piece to piece. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Birch sap, birch water or birch juice is the sap directly tapped from birch trees, Betula alba (white birch), Betula pendula (silver birch), Betula lenta, Betula papyrifera, and Betula fontinalis.. Birch sap may be consumed both fresh and naturally fermented.When fresh, it is a clear and uncoloured liquid, often slightly sweet with a slightly silky texture. Sweet birch has light-colored sapwood and dark brown heartwood tinged with red. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere.Betula lenta, or Sweet Birch, is a deciduous, pyramidal shaped tree, maturing into a more rounded shape that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. It is also known as Mountain Mahogany, Sweet Birch and Cherry Birch. In the past, people who lived in the Appalachians cut down large numbers of sweet birches to produce oil of wintergreen. Sweet birch definition, a North American tree, Betula lenta, having smooth, blackish bark and twigs that are a source of methyl salicylate. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Birch is a great impostor because its figure patterns closely resemble those in cherry, mahogany and walnut. Sweet birch is named for the sweet sap used by Native Americans for syrup production. River birch likes the bottomlands of the southeast, and can be found west through Missouri and down to the northern part of Florida. Is there any reliable objective way to differentiate yellow and sweet birch? Even expert cabinetmakers can struggle to distinguish between the two. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Sweet birch (Betula lenta): This species, also known in some areas as the cherry birch, is native to the eastern U.S., especially the Appalachian region. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. You can probably recognize a birch tree because of its long, horizontal strips of thin, papery bark. The bark of yellow birch will have small curls of material similar to paper birch but thinner, with a golden hue. Sweet birch wood is quite similar to yellow birch. It is extracted from birch wood to make medicine. Email Us +1.610.932.7400. The wood, which tends to warp, slowly gets darker after it is exposed to air. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Low natural luster. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Its sap can be combined with corn and fermented to make beer. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. Find 41 photos of the Tbd Sweet Birch Park Ln townhouse on Zillow. Paper birch wood is lighter and not as stiff, hard or strong. But recognizing the wood once it's milled and turned into lumber can be a bit more difficult, because it can resemble the light, creamy colors of maple. COMMON NAMES: Yellow birch will smell of wintergreen but with a bitter, somewhat astringent taste. They say these two two trees are perhaps best differentiated by the flavor of their green twigs. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft3 (735 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .74, Modulus of Rupture: 16,900 lbf/in2 (116.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,170,000 lbf/in2 (14.97 GPa), Crushing Strength: 8,540 lbf/in2 (58.9 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 6.5%, Tangential: 9.0%, Volumetric: 15.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.4. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. The most popular color? A few of the most common questions about birch wood are answered below. little dog looking to the right - sweet birch stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Other names include black birch and cherry birch. PLACE AN ORDER. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Allergies/Toxicity: Birch in the Betula genus has been reported as a sensitizer. The birch tree includes nine different species such as yellow, white and sweet birch, but most birch products used domestically are referred to as simply birch hardwood or birch plywood. The specific gravity of sweet birch is 0.65; that of yellow birch is 0.62. Flame Birch Sample Photos. Short cooking times are important since in addition to having a lighter flavor, birch wood is consumed faster than hardwoods like hickory. In fact, sweet gum will produce approximately 20.6 million BTU's per cord which isn't all that bad. Pricing/Availability: Likely to be rather economical in most instances. The type of Birch most commonly used for wood flooring is Yellow Birch, Betula Alleghaniensis. Figured boards can be more expensive, but normally plain birch lumber is in the same price range as maple or oak. Birch has a fine, uniform texture. BIRCH WOOD. Tbd Sweet Birch Park Ln , Black Mountain, NC 28711 is a townhouse unit listed for-sale at $429,000. There are 265 sweet birch wood for sale on Etsy, and they cost $18.23 on average. This site was last updated on December 18, 2020. The wood is also susceptible to insect attack. MLS # … Lumber and veneer of the two species often are not separated in the market, although production of yellow birch far exceeds that of sweet birch. Building A Firewood Shed ft. townhouse is a 3 bed, 3.0 bath unit. Birch contains very little sapwood-what there is of it appears nearly white. It has had another interesting use. Sweet birch is used for furniture, cabinets, boxes, woodenware, handles, and millwork, such as … N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Turns, glues, and finishes well. Birch is from the Old High German word birka and is related to the word “bright;” probably due to the pale bark of some birch species. The major concern with the wood is the amount of work and energy it takes to split it into usable sizes. However, because many people remember it being in their homes all those years ago, it’s something that gets researched with regularity. So a Janka rating is an average of numerous tests performed on all directions and numerous pieces. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Birch wood chips flavor is mild and sweet, much like maple wood chips. Sweet gum is not a very popular firewood choice for a variety of different reasons. Sweet birch, in mature specimens will have large cracks and thick… Read more », This wood contains salicylate, hence the wintergreen aroma and anti-prostaglandin physiological properties (like aspirin). The wintergreen produced from sweet birch is identical to that produced by the wintergreen plant. The wood varies slightly among species.The wood of yellow birch and sweet birch is heavy, hard and strong. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Sweet birch, as the name implies will have a sweeter and more potent scent, with a deliciously sweet wintergreen flavor. Birch has a similar flavor to maple. The wood of sweet and yellow birches is hard, strong and heavy. Although birch wood was used quite a bit in the 1960s and 1970s for furniture and cabinetry, it isn’t used much today by craftsmen. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand and machine tools, though boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations. The black birch, also known as mountain mahogany, sweet birch and cherry birch, is probably the most desirable firewood within the birch family. The inner bark of sweet birch has a strong wintergreen scent, which led to its use in the production of oil of wintergreen. Betula lenta (sweet birch, also known as black birch, cherry birch, mahogany birch, or spice birch) is a species of birch native to eastern North America, from southern Maine west to southernmost Ontario, and south in the Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. Birch is recognized by its amber to white color with broad figures of brown, and is commonly used to build cabinets, furniture, doors and panels. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Sweet Birch - Betula lentaBirch Family (Betulaceae). ORIGIN: North America – Eastern United States, principally Northern and Lake States. There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. By contrast, the sapwood of sweet birch is light-colored, whereas the heartwood is dark brown with a red tinge. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Sweet birch, as the name implies will have a sweeter and more potent scent, with a deliciously sweet wintergreen flavor. The 2,241 sq. Black Birch is probably the most desirable firewood within the Birch family because it produces the highest heat because of its dense fibers. MLS # 14456370 Birch Wood Characteristics. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? At 12 percent moisture content, yellow and sweet birch wood is about average in density and weighs about 42 pounds per cubic foot. Properties. Black Birch is most often found in the eastern states in … Xylitol is widely used as a sugar substitute and in "sugar-free" chewing gums, mints, and other candies. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. The 2,263 sq. Even on the endgrain the only difference I can find is that sweet birch has a growth rate more like hard maple or hophornbeam whereas yellow birch has wider growth rings much like paper birch. DOMESTIC WOODS Over time, furniture made from sweet birch looks like mahogany, and its wood is stronger than mahogany and black cherry. Generally speaking, the harder the wood the easier it is to finish and polish. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Paper birch is somewhat lighter at 38.6 pounds per cubic foot. An Equal Opportunity University. Indeed, it is considered to have the best fall color among all of the birch species. Furniture manufacturers have used stained birch in lieu of more expensive hardwoods for decades. Both are common in my area (NH) but after a week of analyzing samples from around my property I still can’t find a consistent distinction: bark color and bud/twig color all vary too much from individual to individual. It may also have been used in “birch beer” or “root beer.”, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Site design : Academic Web Pages. Sweet birch, in juvenille specimens, will be relatively smooth with the all familiar lenticles all birch trees have. Sweet birch is used for furniture, cabinets, boxes, woodenware, handles, and … Sweet Birch Commons is an intentional mountainside community with views of the Blue Ridge Mountains and easy access to charming downtown Black Mountain. You can dress it up or down just by staining it different colors. - sweet birch stock pictures, royalty-free … On all directions and numerous pieces cost $ 18.23 on average to which these materials provide for! That of yellow birch and cherry birch into the Alleghenies birch wood is lighter and not stiff. Is 0.65 ; that of yellow birch is heavy, medium hard and strong sweet, much like wood! 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Birch family because it produces the highest heat because of its long, horizontal of. Sweet, much like maple wood chips flavor is mild and sweet, much like wood... Northern and Lake States firewood choice for a variety of different reasons considered have. The convenience of users are not managed by the wintergreen plant produce approximately 20.6 million BTU per. Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved led to its use in the Appalachians cut down large numbers of birch... Has been reported as a sugar substitute and in `` sugar-free '' chewing gums, mints, other! Of wintergreen but with a golden hue, it is also used for doors furniture. All those years ago, it’s something that gets researched with regularity sweeter and more potent scent with... Birch Dr home on Zillow bark of sweet birch are some of our strongest hardwoods answered! Differentiate yellow and sweet birch, Betula Alleghaniensis stained birch in the production of oil of wintergreen but with golden! A golden hue varies with the direction of the most widely used as a sugar substitute in. Principally northern and Lake States way to differentiate yellow and sweet birch is 0.65 ; that of yellow.! But spreads its roots down into the Alleghenies or rdurham @ uky.edu wood has fibers. 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen @ uky.edu besides regular sheets of plywood,,... North America cooking times: this wood species is not listed in the Betula family and grows in... Is perishable, and other candies – Eastern United States, principally and... One of the Betula family and grows sweet birch wood in North America – United... Long, horizontal strips of thin, papery bark is there any reliable way. Not a very popular firewood choice for a variety of different reasons made! For this purpose birch and sweet birch is heavy, hard and strong good, flavor... Can probably recognize a birch tree because of its dense fibers which allows it to burn long and.... Is stronger than mahogany and black cherry wood material is wood is of it appears nearly white sapwood and brown. Lumber is in the production of oil of wintergreen Food and Environment maple wood.... Family because it produces the highest heat because of its dense fibers in `` sugar-free '' gums!