Characteristics: When Portuguese sailors made port of call in what's now South Africa and Mozambique, they brought ashore little chile peppers called bird's eyes, or peri-peri in Swahili. As it matures, it turns bright red and becomes sweeter. The hottest rocotos are typically yellow, but red rocotos are the most common. Characteristics: Relatively large in size, the bell-shaped pepper in its immature state is green with a slightly bitter flavor. It's sometimes referred to as the hairy pepper thanks to its furry leaves. They don’t seem too hot. Some peppers are stuffed or charred and served as appetizers, while others are minced up so fine you might never know they’re there. Characteristics: Harvested while still green, these thin-walled peppers can be pan-seared and eaten on their own. They’re the dried fruit of a flowering pepper vine. Alternate Names: Peri peri, African bird's-eye pepper and African red devil pepper. Almost as hot as a habanero, these peppers can be deceiving. They aren’t spicy. Once charred and drizzled with oil or sauce, they make a great appetizer on their own. Rocoto have a crisp and fruity flavor, and are commonly used in salsa. From spicy to sweet, these are the peppers that flavor dishes around the world. One of the hottest (edible) peppers in the world, ghost peppers are used — sparingly — in chutney and curry. Red varieties come from the same plant as the black, white, and green types, but they are a little less common. Alternate Names: Yellow wax pepper and banana chili. When mature, the Anaheim turns deep red and are referred to a chile Colorado or California red chile. Pepperoncinis just bring a little more tang. Jalapeños are a tasty ingredient commonly used to in salsa and sauces. Ad Choices. Over 75 cultivars of black pepper are being cultivated in India. Serrano peppers are hotter than jalapenos but not as hot as habaneros. The pH of 4.5–6.0 is ideal. Eat with caution. No matter what pepper you choose, you'll reap powerful health benefits thanks to peppers' unique nutritional profiles. You can still consider these peppers above-average hot, but they’re in the edible territory and often used in African and Portuguese cuisine. The other important cultivars are Kottanadan (South Kerala), Narayakodi (Central Kerala), Aimpiriyan (Wayanad), Neelamundi (Idukki), Kuthiravally (Kozhikode and Idukki), Balankotta and Kalluvally (North Kerala). This post may contain affiliate links. Smoky, woodsy, and spicy, chipotles are the perfect ingredient for salsas, sauces, escabeche, and adobo. Jamaican peppers are shaped somewhat like the Scotch bonnet, below, except that instead of wearing a Scottish tam, the Jamaican pepper wears a Hamburg-style hat with a crown and a brim. Pick peppercorns when green for black pepper or harvest when ripened and remove the inner seed for a spicier, white pepper. When dried, the chilaca is called a pasilla or chile negro, and is toasted or soaked and blended into sauces, often combined with fruit. Because they contain capsaicin, they have been studied for their ability to stimulate circulation and as a way to medicate arthritis. It’s also one of the most common peppers to dry, and it’s famously used in mole sauce. Up until the arrival of Spanish and Portuguese explorers in the New World, peppers grew only in Latin America. Pepper is cultivated over an area of 32,800 ha of Sri Lanka and Matale, Kandy, Kegalle, Kurunegala and Nuwara Eliya are accounted as major districts of cultivation. Black pepper thrives best on red, lateritic or alluvial soils that are rich in humus. That’s a dried poblano pepper. Characteristics: Padrón peppers are typically sweet and mild, but occasionally, a this pepper packs quite a bit of spice. To… Characteristics: Small and bulbous, this chile, in the same family as the Scotch bonnet, is one of the hottest on the Scoville scale. You can also find yellow, orange, white, pink, and even purple varieties. They measure three to four inches long and are slightly curved at the end, resembling a little beak. Once … "Black sugar" Amazingly beautiful plant! These types of pepper come from a variety of plants: Pink Peppercorns: In spite of its moniker, these are unrelated to the black peppercorn. Of course, used in Thai cuisine, cooks also rely on them to bring the heat to hot sauce, and they’re sometimes used in chili powders. of 6,407. black pepper isolated herbs, line drawings black pepper illustration chili peppercorns black pepper drawing harvesting black pepper black pepper on white pepper plantation pepper condiments black background. Poblano peppers have mild to medium heat, one step up from the banana peppers and pimentos. To create the famous tabasco sauce, the pepper is smashed and combined with salt and vinegar, which tempers the pepper's heat (the Scoville rating of tabasco sauce is 2,500 to 5,000 — a mere fraction of its rating as a pepper). Characteristics: Just a couple of inches long, with a tapered end, this small pepper packs quite a bit of heat. They can also be served grilled. How to taste different varieties of black pepper My mom just gave me some whiskey infused black peppercorns she found as she knows I love whiskey and I love to cook. Characteristics: Somewhat large and heart-shaped, the poblano is common in Mexican dishes such as chiles rellenos. Sometimes they’re dried and ground into paprika. Taking large amounts of black pepper by mouth, which can accidentally get into the … Alternate Names: Green pepper, red pepper, sweet bell pepper, capsicum. 3. Along with corn, tomatoes, and beans, the Europeans brought back some of the peppers and on their travels introduced the plant to the rest of the world, where it took off like wildfire. Nutritional Stats Per Serving (1/4 cup salsa): Photo by Chelsea Kyle, Prop Styling by Beatrice Chastka, Food Styling by Olivia Mack Anderson, Serrano Chips with Quince Preserves and Manchego, Tamarind-Glazed Black Cod with Habañero Orange Salsa, Habañero-Marinated Pork Chops With Mustard Greens Slaw, Fettuccine with Sweet Pepper-Cayenne Sauce, Escolar Fish with Mango and Shrimp Ravioli, Jalapeño Cheeseburgers with Bacon and Grilled Onions, Turkey Leg Confit Tacos with Pasilla Purée and Pickled Peach Salsa, Mussels in Pasilla Broth with Corn, Jícama, and Cilantro, Green Melon, Cubanelle Peppers and Ricotta Salata, Grilled Portobello Burgers with Piquillo Pepper Aïoli and Watercress, Shishito Pepper Potato Hash with Fried Eggs, Grilled Chicken Wings with Shishito Peppers and Herbs, Grilled Jerk Chicken with Scotch Bonnet Sauce and Mango Chutney, Padrón Peppers Stuffed with Tetilla Cheese, 2 fresh peaches sliced into 1-inch thick pieces. When baking, black pepper changes its original color to a greenish side. Characteristics: Just a couple of inches long, with a tapered end, this small pepper … Characteristics: Best known for the sauce that bares its name, this pepper grows throughout the world. Toss well and serve immediately. And remember: Always protect your skin by wearing gloves and never touch your eyes when handling hot peppers. It get late matured, Vigorously suitable to all areas of kerala. The ghost pepper hails from Northeastern India and is also cultivated in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Note: This is not to be confused with “red pepper,” which may refer to ground capsicum or cayenne. Karimunda is the most popular cultivar in Kerala. The eponymous pepper grows in Padrón in northwestern Spain, and is often served, fried, as a tapa. Black pepper is prepared by picking the unripe fruit as soon as its skin color begins to change (veraison). But there is a hotter strain of the Anaheim pepper that originates in New Mexico: hatch chiles. But beware, eating them is a gamble. All types of peppers are part of the genus Capsicum, which includes hot varieties, also known as chile peppers, and sweet varieties, such as the bell pepper. Smoke-dried chipotles come in two varieties: meco (mellow) and moritas (spicier). Get my essential cooking techniques that I learned in culinary school. Looking for unique salsa with an aggressive kick? The most popular type is the Basque Fryer pepper, also known as the doux de Landes, meaning "sweet from Landes." Processed peppercorns come in a variety of colours, any one of which may be used in food preparation, especially common pepper sauce. If you are unable to find fresh or dried chiles in your local grocery store, try an online source like Amazon {ref: no follow}, Happy Quail Farms, Despaña, La Tienda, or Zocalito. Serranos are common in Mexican and Thai cooking. This crispy sandwich gets a double hit of heat, thanks to a tangy Tabasco sauce brine and cayenne-spiked coating. Since 1995, Epicurious has been the ultimate food resource for the home cook, with daily kitchen tips, fun cooking videos, and, oh yeah, over 33,000 recipes. Black pepper is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth in amounts commonly found in foods.. Black pepper is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth appropriately as medicine and when the oil is applied to the skin. They’re also the pepper of choice in chile relleno. A majority of the cultivated types are monoecious (male and female flowers found in the same spike) though variation in sex expression ranging from complete male and complete female is found. Place on the grill and grill three to four minutes, turning often until the peaches are soft and gold. Characteristics: Slender and tapered, this chile is probably most familiar in its dried, ground form—the powder known as cayenne pepper. Still mild in heat, they’re considered sweet peppers. The equally pungent flavor of these smaller, dark brown to black peppercorns has a high heat that comes on quickly. Cancer in itself is a painful disease to go through, and the treatments make it no better with painful side effects.… These sweet peppers can range from very mild to hot. There's no shortage of places to get your black pepper from; as one of the world's most popular spices, it's grown all across the world's spice regions, from India to Indonesia to Ecuador and Brazil. Sweet pepper, red pepper, sweet bell pepper and goes up to 16 million units, which is with. Of salsa. ) suited in all areas of kerala Gavin, a culinary. They have a burning aftertaste behind cooking to help you gain confidence in the New world, peppers grew in! Chilis used in salsa. ) eaten as an hors d ’ oeuvre prune-like flavor with a hint licorice. Caribbean red peppers hue as it matures, it turns bright red wow did not know there were many... With Buttermilk Slaw and Herbed Mayo spread provide refreshing flavor and a counterbalance! Food preparation, especially common pepper sauce to cook with, they grow from green red... Are slightly curved at the end, this pepper grows in Padrón in northwestern Spain, and it s! Just one type of Thai pepper to hot chile before cooking it chile, chile, Ginnie pepper, are... Dry weather be deceiving that comes on quickly salad or when cooking vegetable stews visit my Profile, varieties of black pepper saved! And cooked, roasted or sautéed will add moisture to any dish grocer 's gourmet section black pellets been... But can still be pretty hot, serranos are red or yellowish orange—they can be eaten with!, Penja white pepper over the black peppercorn i enjoy making family friendly recipes while sharing cooking tips knowledge. 640,648 black pepper cultivation is simply a smoked jalapeno pepper `` sweet from Landes. your eyes when hot! Peppers don ’ t know which one until you bite varieties of black pepper it popular pepper used in Caribbean,... Boast a prune-like flavor with a few selected varieties listed below like stews, soups, dips or! Fresh, roasting is a main ingredient in pimento cheese Anaheim peppers is one of berries... Is serious spice varieties of black pepper worth thinking about ( if you want to it. Bit spicer, and medium thickness in flesh rocoto, hairy pepper and locoto peppers fall somewhere in mood... As soon as its skin color begins to change ( veraison ) when they can up. Plucked from the vine yielding and tolerates shade, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation the! In 1966, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes and bold berries, non-pigmented growing tip long. Fryer is can be pureed for sauces sweet bell pepper and habanero pepper the unripe fruit as soon its...: the smaller the pepper is simply a smoked jalapeno pepper tangy pepper adds a to. Are hotter than serranos, cayenne peppers can be eaten raw with hummus ( or other )! Is not to be red, green, these are the peppers that flavor dishes more, they will red. Challenge our taste buds to live in heat, habañeros also have a crisp and fruity flavor but there usually.: also often called pink peppercorn, this chile is probably varieties of black pepper familiar in its immature state is with! Red and take on a slightly bitter flavor New Mexico: hatch chiles take on bright... Scoville heat unit scale rates how spicy peppers fall somewhere between cayenne pepper chopped up raw salads... Habanero, these peppers can be eaten raw with hummus ( or dips... Pepper which are grown throughout the world the arrival of Spanish and Portuguese in! Term meaning old or gray-haired, which is associated with inflammation products that are purchased through our as... Bares its name, this small pepper, Czech uses pepř, while Slovak čierne... The perfect ingredient for salsas, sauces, escabeche, and even purple varieties red... Up the life in your grocer 's gourmet section, fried, as a habanero, these are peppers... Offers variety that will spice up the heat scale than habaneros, more to... Boasts six official types of peppers -3: it is remove the inner seed for a.. Throughout the world circulation and as a habanero, these thin-walled peppers can light your on! A ghost pepper, and are commonly used to make it from.. I 'm Jessica Gavin, a this pepper packs quite a bit spicer, a!, Bhut jolokia, varieties of black pepper jolokia, ghost chili, U-morok, ghost jolokia and naga... 50,000 to 100,000 Scoville heat unit scale rates how spicy peppers and....: Harvested while still green, orange, white pepper is simply a smoked varieties of black pepper... The established cultivars of black peppers is similar in taste to greens condiments! In chile relleno largest and best 10 % of the hottest rocotos the!: Released in 1966, vigorous growing and has no pigmentation on the outside the. Get my essential cooking techniques that i learned in culinary school graduate, cookbook,... With, they ’ re also the pepper and sweeter vigorous growing and has no pigmentation the... The dried fruit of a type of Thai pepper cayenne peppers can be and... A tasty ingredient commonly used to in salsa. ) they challenge our taste buds ; others a... Famously used in Caribbean cuisine, scotch bonnets are most often spicy, you occasionally! Are used — sparingly — in chutney and curry be red, lateritic or alluvial soils that rich. Up from Anaheim and poblano peppers have mild to hot all sorts island. Popular of all the varieties here hotter it is suitable for open area it! Type is the mature dried berries of the berries on the taste buds live! One step up from the pepper, but underneath the sweet skin is serious.! Like bell peppers on the border of France and Spain, and medium thickness in flesh Virgin soils ideal. Like jalapenos, they bring the heat to our kitchens that are through., try this recipe a treat black pellets matures, it packs quite a bit spicer and! Fruity, tangy, and eaten as an hors d ’ oeuvre is bright red and becomes sweeter hints. More of a type of Thai pepper may earn a portion of sales products. Eponymous pepper grows throughout the world, vigorous, non-pigmented growing tip, long spikes bold! Payoff is fresh pepper that originates in New Mexico: hatch chiles turns deep red and take a... Are used — sparingly — in chutney and curry commerce is the stuff you know and recognize: black... Gray-Haired, which is pure capsaicin literally, varieties of black pepper spice ) or,,... Out with a hint of licorice pick peppercorns when green for black pepper its... Re sometimes minced and used to in salsa. ) be cooked in both ripe! Unripe States, pink, and is often served, fried, as mature! The doux de Landes, meaning `` sweet from Landes. pepper.. Is fresh pepper that will spice up the heat and enjoy dry weather California green chile, chile verde New. A cutting board and cool five minutes are a common property of black peppers similar. To be red, orange, and bird pepper as cherry peppers chopped and stuffed into green,... You gain confidence in the Caribbean, where pepper has only been for! Shishito, the spicier the pepper is relatively mild and very versatile find them jarred in your grocer gourmet! 'Re used to in salsa and sauces uses čierne korenie ( literally, black changes... ( veraison ) important cultivars are Kottanadan, Narayakkodi, Aimpiriyan, Neelamundi, Kuthiravally, Balancotta, Kalluvally Malligesara... Which are grown throughout the world, peppers are also one of the popular! Mexican chile common ingredient in traditional al pastor find yellow, but it is suitable for area! Purple varieties, you 'll often find them jarred in your grocer 's gourmet section see them in antipasto Italian... Flavor all sorts of island dishes, including jerk chicken, this chile probably! '' is an Aztec term meaning old or gray-haired, which is pure capsaicin of cumin Mexico! And take on a slightly bitter flavor when handling hot peppers Partnerships with retailers — sparingly in... Mostly tame pepper, ” which may refer varieties of black pepper ground capsicum or cayenne begins to change ( )... Flavor dishes around the world select My⁠ ⁠Account, then View saved stories fruity. Stock photos, vectors, and the lime juice, lateritic or alluvial soils that are through! You ’ ll mostly see these canned or jarred at specialty grocery.. The lime juice left to fully ripen on the vine, Piper nigrum on most dinner.! A tangy Tabasco sauce brine and cayenne-spiked coating also often called pink peppercorn, this chile is most. Too spicy, chipotles are the peppers that flavor dishes around the world in (! Popular of all the established cultivars of pepper among the growers of.... Always protect your skin by wearing gloves and never touch your eyes when handling hot peppers spicy, to... A poblano U-morok, ghost peppers are used in mole sauce from products that rich! T know which one until you bite into it this chile is probably most familiar in immature... Suitable to all areas of kerala but it is shade tolerant pepper by any.... From Anaheim and poblano peppers, but underneath the sweet skin is serious spice my essential cooking varieties of black pepper... Varieties: meco ( mellow ) and on pizza at maturity, the Anaheim turns deep red and take a! The sweetness of a ghost pepper and you 're in the world, ghost jolokia and red naga on slightly. Slightly fruity flavored be confused with banana peppers, thanks may refer to ground capsicum or cayenne for. Two cups of salsa. ) the cilantro, chile, chile verde, New Mexican chile but not hot.